This presentation provides an overview of two newly developed dashboards for use by law enforcement: 1) The Law Enforcement Incident Dashboard; and 2) The Drug Crime Dashboard. The training was part of the program for the Vermont Chiefs and Sheriffs Annual Meeting in Middlebury, Vermont on December 17, 2015
This report analyzes the effect of race in the sentencing decision, and concludes that there is no evidence of systemic bias in the sentencing decision for the crime studied. The report outlines prior research on race and sentencing in Vermont and some of the weaknesses in those studies. Then the current methodology is discussed and the results are presented. The report ends with a discussion of the meaning of the results and recommendations for further research.
Funded By: BJS Grant 2012-BJ-CX-K009
Released: October 2015
Size: 429 KB
This report is a preliminary analysis of staffing levels at the Fair Haven Police Department. The basis for this preliminary staffing analysis involves calculating the police officer per 1000 rate for Fair Haven and then comparing that to the ratios of comparable police departments in Vermont and throughout the country. Using this technique, 12 PDs were identified as comparable to Fair Haven on at least one of these four measures. Fair Haven is a relatively small jurisdiction with a higher than expected crime rate. However, the size of the police department is more comparable to jurisdictions with low crime rates. Though it is not possible given this level of analysis to recommend a specific staffing level for the Fair Haven PD, the analysis to this point suggests that department is probably understaffed by one to two officers.
Funded By: Fair Haven Police Department
Released: September 2015
Size: 292 KB
The Windsor County DUI Treatment Docket (WCDTD), the first DUI court in Vermont, is a post-sentence and voluntary program designed to hold repeat DUI offenders accountable and change their behavior through long-term treatment. Convictions are not reduced or expunged following program completion.
This process evaluation was designed to document the WCDTD program’s policies and procedures, assess whether the program was implemented with fidelity and is delivering services to its target population as intended. By identifying a program’s successes and shortcomings, a process evaluation provides a tool with which to improve a program. A process evaluation also assures that documentation exists with which to replicate the program in other jurisdictions.
Released: September 2015
Size: 535 KB
In the 2013-2014 Legislative Session, the Vermont Legislature passed Act 61, which created a Working Group to review all of Vermont’s criminal penalties. Vermont has 847 criminal offenses. The offenses are contained in various titles in the Vermont Statutes. The offenses cover aspects of commercial interaction, environmental regulations and traditional common law crimes of violence and property damage. Current penalties range from a fifty cent fine, to death. The Working Group was charged with collecting all crimes and using this information to help guide its deliberations.
A complete list of all crimes, their punishments, and the number of charges brought between 2005 and 2014 can be found in the three Excel spreadsheets below.
In the 2013-2014 Legislative Session, the Vermont Legislature passed Act 61, which created a Working Group to review all of Vermont’s criminal penalties, review other state’s sentencing structures and to recommend a sentencing structure that allows for sentencing consistent with “the gravity of the offense, the culpability of the offender, the offender’s criminal history, and the personal characteristics of an individual offender that may be taken into account.”
Funded By: Vermont Legislature
Released: July 2015
Size: 190 KB
Report: Vermont Victims Compensation Program: A Needs Assessment for People with Disabilities - Final Report
The Crime Research Group (CRG) conducted the Needs Assessment phase of the Crime Victims Compensation Program Initiative, in consultation with VCCVS staff and a project advisory committee consisting of service providers representing agencies that serve people with disabilities and/or seniors consisted of three components: 1) convening focus groups with people with disabilities and seniors; 2) surveying service providers; 3) and surveying applicants to the Victims Compensation Program. This approach provided a comprehensive research strategy while also giving each group a distinct voice. This report describes the findings, draws conclusions and makes recommendations from each component, as well as drawing broader conclusions from the Assessment as a whole.
Funded By: OVC Grant 2013-VF-GX-K013
Released: June 2015
Size: 760 KB
From 2003 to 2013, the number of DUI arrests in the State of Vermont has been reduced to 2,694 after a peak of 3,895 in 2006. Broken down my age, 21 to 29 year olds are the worst offenders sitting at an average arrest number of 1129.36 arrests per year. Most other age categories have reduced their numbers, with the exception of those 50-59 and over 60 years of age. These categories have seen increases of 47.2% and 86.8% respectively.
Click Here to see the post with an interactive column chart that provides an overview of DUI arrests in Vermont from 2003 to 2013. The chart shows the number of arrests by year, and, by clicking on any year column, the chart reveals the age breakdown of the arrestees.
Since 2010, the number of embezzlement offenses in Vermont has risen by about 36%, from 68 offenses in 2010, to 93 offenses in 2013. Surprisingly, the overall value of property being embezzled has come down dramatically. In 2010, over 3 Million Dollars were embezzled in Vermont from individuals, businesses, financial institutions, and the government. This value has decreased by 77.6%, with a total value of $695,941 in 2013. Additionally, one can see that the average value of each offense has decreases by over $36,000. Commercial businesses are the most common target for embezzlement (76-83% of offenses), followed by individuals.
Click here to see the post with an interactive column chart above provides an overview of embezzlement crimes in Vermont from 2010 to 2013. The chart shows the number of embezzlement offenses by year, and, by clicking on any of the columns, the chart reveals the average loss in property per offense.
From 2008 to 2013, the number of offenses involving certain types of drugs in Vermont has risen rapidly. Proportionally, the number of cases involving Heroin has become more than four times as prevalent compared to the overall number of drug offenses. However, over the last five years, Cocaine, Stimulants, and Depressants have all become less important players in the drug-crime problem we face. Marijuana offenses have increased since 2008, yet they are now making up a much smaller portion of the overall problem.
Click Here to see this post with an interactive pie chart that compares the 2008 and 2013 breakdown of Vermont drug crimes by the type of drugs involved.
The purpose of this study was to compare recidivism rates among juveniles previously adjudicated delinquent in the Vermont Superior Court Family Division (Family Division) with recidivism rates among those previously convicted in the Criminal Division, and to determine what factors appear to predict a new criminal conviction.
Funded By: Vermont Agency of Human Services | Department of Children and Families
Released: March 2015
Size: 608 KB
‘Hot Spots Policing’ is not a new strategy for reducing crime in specific, targeted locations. What is new, however, is the question of whether or not tactics matter when it comes to policing high-crime areas. Though police departments may adopt the strategy, it may not yield measurable benefits if the right tactics are not deployed.
In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, members of the Center for Security and Crime Science from Temple University, and the Philadelphia Police Department set up an experiment in which they evaluated the effectiveness of certain policing tactics at reducing crime rates at hotspots across their city. During their experiment, eighty-one violent crime hotspots were selected, and randomly split into three groups, one for each tactic being tested. The researchers wanted to see the different effects that Foot Patrol, Problem Oriented Policing (POP), and Offender Focused Tactics had on specific locations. Offender Focused Tactics are efforts that the police use in deterring specific individuals from committing crime. The results were interesting. The researchers found that out of these three strategies, Offender Focused Tactics achieved the greatest results — a 42% reduction in violent crime and a 50% reduction in violent felonies. POP and Foot Patrol tactics were much less effective. It turns out the mere presence of police in a specific location is not the most effective means of reducing crime.
— Erik Avery, Norwich University Intern
With increasing demands from the public for government to be more effective and transparent, it is imperative for law enforcement to develop operating models which are based on evidence-based practices. The Crime Research Group proposed a program of training, planning, technical assistance, and ongoing dialog to assist law enforcement agencies statewide to develop evidence-based policing strategies, programs, and curricula. The following documents highlight examples, best practices, and outcomes of evidence-based law enforcement programs being implemented throughout the United States and Europe.
An annotated bibliography of evidence-based policing and a literature review of evidence-based policing can be downloaded by clicking the links below: